From Reformation to Republic: Master Artists, Artist Students presents the historical journey of the art of painting in Turkey and features a total of 115 artworks from the SSM Painting Collection, by artists including Hoca Ali Rıza, Halife Abdülmecid Efendi, Hüseyin Zekâi Paşa, Ivan Konstantinovich Aivazovsky, Şevket Dağ, Hikmet Onat, Hüseyin Avni Lifij, İbrahim Çallı, Nazmi Ziya Güran and also the pioneering woman artist Mihri (Müşfik) Hanım.

Focusing on the relationship between masters and their apprentices, the exhibition makes visible the interaction and change between generations. Artwork by the masters and their apprentices, who acquired mastership by following in their masters’ footsteps, will be displayed side-by-side. The exhibition From Reformation to Republic: Master Artists, Artist Students allows us to trace the social and economic transformation of the country, via the late-discovered but quickly adopted medium of painting.

The exhibition starts with paintings by artists belonging to the generation of Osman Hamdi Bey and Halil Bey, all of whom were sent abroad for art education, mainly to France, and who attended the studios of eminent artists like Jean-Leon Gerôome and Gustave Boulanger in Paris. The exhibition features landscapes and still lifes by these artists, as well as portraits emerging from their interest in figures and figurative depictions. The portraits of women in the selection reflect the evolution of female visibility in Ottoman society, starting during the Reformation Period.

The exhibition tells the story of Istanbul via paintings by İbrahim Çallı, Nazmi Ziya, Avni Lifij, Feyhaman Duran, Namık İsmail and Hikmet Onat, the so-called “1914 Generation,” who had depicted the city with a focus on its streets, houses, historical sites, coastline and the Bosphorus, but at the same time telling the story of Turkey, a country undergoing profound changes.

Artwork created by Turkey’s painters with a focus on the nude, an artistic theme they had encountered abroad, especially during their academic training in Paris, is presented as to reflect this process.

The first artistic group of the Republic, called the Müstakiller (Independents), are represented in their full capacity, reflecting their fundamental importance in Turkish modern art history. The Independents were trained at the Sanayi-i Nefise Mektebi (School of Fine Arts), at studios of such masters like İbrahim Çallı, Feyhaman Duran, Hikmet Onat who had been appointed to replace the foreign professors. Visitors with reservation will will have entrance priority.

The exhibition is free for teachers and health workers. Sakıp Sabancı Museum holds a Safe Tourism Certificate from Turkey’s Tourism Promotion and Development Agency.

Please visit our hygiene and safety measures for visitors.


Selected Artworks

Nazmi Ziya Güran (1881-1937)
Taksim Square, 1935
Oil on canvas
73.5 x 92 cm
SSM 200-0102-NZG
Nazmi Ziya Güran (1881-1937)
Woman in Pink on Chaise Longue, 1904
Oil on Canvas
54 x 73 cm
SSM 200-0104-NZG
Mihri Müşfik (1886-1950 (?)
Portrait of a Young Man
Oil on Canvas
62.5 x 50.5 cm
SSM 200-0328-MM
Halil Paşa (1857-1939)
Madame X, 1889
Oil and pastels on cardboard
100.5 x 65 cm
SSM 200-0261-HP

Süleyman Seyyid (1842-1913)
Still Life with Orange, 1904
Oil on canvas
32.5 x 40.5 cm
SSM 200-0237-SSE
Hoca Ali Rıza (1858-1930)
Istanbul, 1919
Oil on canvas
43.5 x 61 cm
SSM 200-0010-HAR
Şevket Dağ (1876-1944)
Hagia Sophia, 1906
Oil on canvas
250 x 180 cm
SSM 200-0183-SD
İbrahim Çallı (1882-1960)
Woman Reclining on Hammock, 1912
Oil on wood
38 x 70 cm
SSM 200-0268-IC
Fausto Zonaro (1854-1929)
A Woman
Watercolor on paper
50 x 31.5 cm
SSM 220-0293-FZ
Halil Paşa (1857-1939
Painter and her Studio
Oil on Canvas
41 x 33 cm
SSM 200-0259-HP